From the Chateau de Châtel to the top temple of Swiss watchmaking, Pierre Jaquet Droz gave up his set life path and devoted himself to watchmaking, and He went to extremes with this independent watch brand. As a continuation of the tradition, even the brand’s popular watchmaking arts such as the big fire flame enamel are also quite royal style.
Pierre Jacques Dro
Collected clocks and won the first barrel of gold
皮 On July 27, 1721, Pierre Jacques Dro was born in the small town of La Chaux-de-Fonds in Neuchatel, Switzerland. Seventeen years later, Jacques Dro enrolled at the University of Neuchatel with a major in theology. After graduating, when almost all of his classmates devoted themselves to the pastor’s career in accordance with a pre-set life trajectory, Jacques DeLor made a completely different decision-to join the watch manufacturing industry. The decision that seemed very sudden to others was not a surprise to Jacques Dro himself. While at the university, he taught at Basel Academy with the then renowned physician and mathematician Daniel Bernouilli. After that, Jacques Dro returned to La Chaux-de-Fonds, and developed great interest and enthusiasm for watchmaking. The watch manufacturing industry at that time was just a new industry in Switzerland, which had not yet formed a climate, and it was gradually being established. However, Jacques DeRoot stood out from many watchmakers with his outstanding skills and perseverance. Through his own research, Jacques Droux perfected many different clock components at the time, and began to try to incorporate harmonious bell sounds and several musical instrument tubes into the clock. Although this attempt was unsuccessful in the end, this experience also inspired him with different clock designs, that is, the fusion of two metals with different expansion coefficients was used to make the pendulum free of winding.
Soon after, Jacques Dro’s talent and love for watchmaking spread. At that time, the local leader of Neuchâtel, known as ‘Captain Marshal’, became aware of his deeds, and encouraged Jacques Dro to bring his work to Spain to pay homage to King Ferdinand VI. After a long journey to reach the Spanish capital Madrid, Jacques Dro was solemnly received by the Spanish royal family, and the watches and clockwork he carried with him were sold out. Because of this, Jacques Dro accumulates the first bucket of gold in his life.
Jaquet Droz & Leschot clock
The master of watchmaking, popular with the court
With his wealth in Spain, Jacques DeRoot was able to go all out to make his own timepieces and automatic robot puppet devices that he has always remembered. In 1774, Jacques Droux, along with his son and apprentice, founded the Jaquet Droz & Leschot watch shop and opened a workshop in the Bartlett building in London. At this time, it was the ‘Kang and Qian Dynasty’ in China, especially the Emperor Qianlong in the dynasty, who especially loved mechanical clocks. It was in 1758 (23 years of Qianlong) that Jacques Drouh’s watchmaking talents began to emerge. The Emperor Qianlong issued a seal script: ‘In addition to the tribute to the Guangdong Customs, there is still silver in the heart of the fostering house. With this, you can do foreign goods once in both silver and silver, …, you don’t need to do gold, silver, and wide-making equipment. However, you can do the singular furnishings of clocks and Western gold beads, and gold satin, silver satin, or new utensils. Don’t hesitate to pay … ‘The monarch of a country expressed his preferences in the form of a seal, and his subordinates did not dare to neglect, searching for skilled artisans in various places.
Although Jacques Droux has not obtained this as a business, he still devotes himself to researching innovative technologies. Because of this, for a long time at the time, Jacques Droux was always a guest of the royal nobility of various countries. At that time, the prosperity of Chinese society and the imperial palace’s pursuit of mechanical technology led Jacques Droux to pay attention to China. Jacques DeLuo learned about Chinese preferences through collaborators who opened a trading company in Guangdong, China at the time. For example, the Chinese like to be paired and gorgeous, Jacques de Droy incorporates symmetrical elements into his works, and uses gorgeous enamel, round pearls, and dazzling colored stone as watchmaking materials and decoration. This is the ‘China market table’ that we often mention.
The members of the puppet royal family recognized Jacques Droe’s works. In addition to Emperor Qianlong, King Louis XVI of France and Marie-Antoinette of Queens were also their loyal fans. Even the works that were sold in the Spanish royal family in the ‘benthouse’ that year have been exhibited in the palaces of Madrid and Villavic Ocha.
Jaquet Droz & Leschot clock interior
Automatic machinery, leaving a century of masterpieces
For this purpose, Jacques Dro has made a watch model for the Chinese market. At the same time, the automatic robot puppet devices that were once shelved for some reason also matured and gradually surfaced during this period, including the three most famous automatic robot puppets: calligraphers, painters and musicians. Later, Jacques Dro, who was thriving in business, opened his first watch shop in the Geneva area. It is here that small handmade products such as snuff boxes, timepieces, music timepieces, etc., which have repeatedly won high prices at auction, have been born.
多少 How many Jacques de Ronaldo works ever passed to the Chinese court has no history, but at least ten of the existing collections of the Forbidden City come from the hands of Master Jacques De Rouge. Among many achievements, Jacques Dro’s innovation of the ‘Bird Mechanical Clock’ is one of his most important contributions to the development of the watch industry. Prior to the 1880s, songbird mechanisms were not associated with clocks and were usually equipped with a bulky mechanical pipe organ. And Jacques Dro, through close cooperation with partners, invented a bird song device that uses a sliding movable valve to make sounds, further miniaturizing the entire design device, and brought a revolutionary breakthrough to the singing mechanical bird technology. Not only that, Jacques DeRoux also cleverly applied this innovation to small clocks to create practical and practical songbird music clocks, which were widely loved.
The ‘Songbird Music Clock’ made by Jacques Drow usually consists of three parts, namely the clock base, timing module and automatic robotic bird module. The rectangular base is equipped with a mechanical device for controlling the movement of the songbird and the sound of the song. This device is connected to different parts of the mechanical songbird at the top of the bell body through a lever system. The clock base is equipped with a mechanical clock mechanism. The rear shell of the clock body can be opened. It has a winding hole and two sets of separate mainspring power sources to supply the energy required by the time of the clock and the songbird of the automatic machine. The mechanical bird stands on the top of the clock. The bird is made of copper, the exterior is decorated with colored feathers, and the beak is made of dentin. After the starter at the bottom of the watch was turned on, the body of the mechanical bird began to swing left and right, and with the flapping of the wings, the mouth opened a gentle tweet, vivid. In order to better control the bird’s song, the bell body is also provided with a stop valve, which can control the ‘bird’ of the mechanical bird at any time. Because it was created for the ancient Chinese court, in addition to the bird’s bright colors and precious materials, the songbird bells usually exist in pairs. Of the 5 songbird music clocks that currently exist in the Palace Museum, 4 of them only exist in pairs.
Jaquet Droz & Leschot
Modern watchmaking, inheriting the royal style
的 The time-keeping bird of that year made Chinese and European courts astounded. Today, the Jacques Dro watchmaking factory inherits this precious history with its unique and hand-crafted skills, and carries it forward. Just this year, Jacques DeRoy launched three masterpieces of decorative arts at the Basel Watch Fair. The bird, which is auspicious, was displayed on the dial by the watchmaker in various art forms.
From pure naturalism to magical abstract patterns, from ancient carvings and micro-painting techniques to new expressions of modern art, from European palaces to contemporary metropolises, these unique models continue to tell the legend of Jacques Droe.
Time is a straight line with no beginning and no end. The charm of clocks lies in being able to transcend the time and space of people’s thinking, remembering and continuing a period of history. Mr. Jacques Drow may not have thought that his work would still be admired by the world after hundreds of years. Perhaps this is also a mystery left to us by history: a pioneer of Swiss watchmaking who has never been to China, but left a time span on the Chinese land for two centuries through his great works. Deep footprint. Backtracking along this trail, we suddenly see an art master who is giving life to a pile of metal.