Among all the complicated functions of mechanical watches, the Minute Repeater function has always been regarded as the most advanced and complicated function. Moreover, the minute repeater has become more complicated than the watchmaking itself, because people’s expectations for the minute repeater include a lot of aesthetic significance.
The accomplishments of the Athenian watch in the field of the minute repeater are obvious to all
The birth of the minute repeater
‘When a educated person makes time for his questionnaire, this is actually representing the history of the world.’ About 200 years ago, as a physicist and writer, Li Hittenberg, a brother in Lower Saxony, Germany When the university town of Tingen came up with this maxim, Abraham Louis Breguet was working tirelessly to improve the questionnaire in Paris.
怎样 What kind of time information can be sent out, and whether the sound of the time report is pleasant, it is related to the brand image. The questionnaire has evolved from a two-question, ‘half-minute question’ mechanism (that is, a 7.5-minute questionnaire mechanism) to a five-minute ‘five-minute question’ that is accurate until it can be reported at the time and moment, Ask the minute after the minute. Mindful Question was invented by British Thomas Moggi in 1750, five years before the establishment of the Vacheron Constantin brand.
The three questions invented by Momoji have achieved very high accuracy of the questionnaire. Since then, the development of questionnaires has mainly focused on institutional improvements and miniaturization.
The world’s first minute repeater was made by Audemars Piguet
代价 The price of ingenuity
The previous form of the questionnaire was to install a small bell in the watch. However, Mr. Baodi made the questionnaire mechanism much smaller than before by bending the steel spring into a sound spring and winding it around the movement. This is the basic structure of the three-minute meter now seen.
In 1892, Audemars Piguet created the first minute repeater watch, which was made for Omega’s founder Louis-Brandt. The mass production of the minute repeater was in 1910, but its popularity prevented it from being expensive. At that time, although electric lights were already available, the function of timekeeping was not necessary for daily life, which is probably one of the reasons why the minute repeater could not be popularized. If the finished product is made in advance, it may take a long time to sell, and the case often needs to be changed. Therefore, the minute repeater is limited to customization, and only a few manufacturers can produce it, including Audemars Piguet, Patek Philippe, Vacheron Constantin, Haas Neveux and C.H. Meylan.
The sound of Jaeger-LeCoultre’s minute repeater is very crisp
Time-consuming and time-consuming questionnaires are generally produced by masters, such as James Obel, Louis Piguet, Vitolan Piguet, or the Swiss founder Anthony Lacotte of Jaeger-LeCoultre. The two-question or five-point question, which is much simpler than the three-question table structure, has achieved mass production due to the development of technology. In fact, as early as the 1930s, the minute watch became popular due to a two-question form, but in fact, watch collectors watched the pinnacle of the minute, just referring to the three minute watch.
以来 Since 1986, the renewed pursuit of mechanical structure and complex functions after the ‘Quartz Storm’ inspired Frederic Piguet and Blancpain to develop a new ultra-thin question mechanism. Subsequently, manufacturers such as Audemars Piguet, Limania, Patek Philippe, and Vacheron Constantin also began to produce this elegant but extremely complex three questions. Although the function of the minute repeater has been pushed to the peak by the British and French during the pocket watch period, only the aforementioned Swiss manufacturers sublimated the minute repeater mechanism onto the watch movement.
Although computer-assisted and other processing methods have been introduced to manufacture machinery and its parts, the three questions are still an exception. The three-question mechanism requires more than 300 parts to be manufactured and assembled, and the effect must meet the expectations of modern watch enthusiasts. Each part must be polished and assembled by hand with great patience. In order to obtain a beautiful and sounding timepiece sound, repeated modulation and trial production by watchmakers and even musicians can be completed.